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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1384\margr4959\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1384\margrsxn4959\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1516\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx5371 \f2\fs20{\b\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 ORIGIN : EARLY RULERS{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-12 193}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri248\sb212\sa0\sl-266\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 power was limited to the regions of the Godavari and \expndtw15 the Krisna, and then they became known as the \expndtw0 Andhras.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li11\fi0\ri0\sb176\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Origin of the Sdtavdhanas}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li40\fi446\ri133\sb133\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The origin of the Satavahanas is obscure. Some' \expndtw3 scholars connect them with the Satiyaputas of Asokan \expndtw19 edicts and the \i Setai \i0 mentioned by Pliny. Others \expndtw15 give 'fanciful derivations of the name.\super 1\nosupersub  Whatever \expndtw2 the exact significance of the terms Satakarni or Satava-haiia, the inscriptions of the dynasty suggest a Brahma-\expndtw7 nical ancestry. For in the Nasik inscription Gautami-\expndtw3 putra is described as "the unique. Brahman \i (eka 'barn-\expndtw2 hand\} \i0 in prowess equal to Rama (Parasurama)."\super 2\nosupersub  This \expndtw9 obtains further confirmation from the fact that he is \expndtw3 called "the destroyer of the pride and conceit of the \expndtw7 Ksatriyas."\super 3\nosupersub  The author of the inscription thus regard\-\expndtw8 ed Gautamiputra as a great Brahman, a veritable \expndtw-3 Parasurama.\super 4}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li112\fi0\ri0\sb198\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Rulers of the Dynasty}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li126\fi436\ri43\sb126\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw15\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Not much is known about Simuka, the foundei \expndtw11 of the line, except that he subverted the Kanvas and \expndtw10 the remnants of the Sunga power. He was succeeded \expndtw4 by his brother Kanha (Krisna), and a Nasik inscription \expndtw9 informs us that during his reign an inhabitant of the \expndtw12 place had a cave made there. This clearly indicates \expndtw6 that Krisna's authority was recognised in the _ Nasik \expndtw11 region. 'The third king, Satakarni, son of Simuka, \expndtw7 appears to have been a considerable figure. According}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li533\fi0\ri0\sb277\sa0\tx655 \b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20  1\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li533\fi0\ri0\sb277\sa0\tx655 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent122\pnf2}\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 See  \i KjatbasaritsSgara, \i0 VI, 87 f;  Jinaprabhasuri's \i Ttrthakalpa.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li533\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx655 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21  2\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li533\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx655 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent122\pnf2}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 {\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 Ep. Ind.\sub 9\nosupersub  \i0 VIII, pp. 60, 61, 1. 7.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li187\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-220\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 *Ibid.  \i0 1. 5. cf. "Khatiyadapamanamadanasa." \expndtw9 *See-isoK.P.Jayasval, /.B.O.RJ., Vol.   XVI, pts. Ill   and \expndtw2 IV, pp, 265-66.}\par }